Dock Board and Dock Leveler Safety

Dock boards and dock levelers are one of many key elements for loading dock safety. Loading dock safety is paramount at any loading dock area. OSHA Standard – 29 CFR 1910.30(a) Dockboards (bridge plates).

ANSI – American National Standards Institute, is responsible for the safety, performance and testing of Dock Leveling Devices. MH30.1 – 2007, a revision of MH30.1 – 2000, is the standard, which was originally approved by ANSI on December 16, 1993, represents recommended safety practices and performance testing criteria that may be used in determining product utilization. It was developed to offer information to parties engaged in the manufacturing, marketing, purchase, or use of dock leveling devices. Note: The scissor dock lift leveler is covered with MH29.1:2008.

The Beacon® brand was one of the first companies to pass the ANSI MH30.1-1993 standard for its dock levelers on October 10, 1994 through 3rd party certification.

Dock board and dock leveler applications include truck trailer, ISO shipping container on truck service and rail dock leveling. Leveling types include hinged deck or loose plate. Design types include sliding, hinged lip and vertical storing. Anchoring types of dock leveling devices include dock-faced mounted, pit mounted, surface mounted and loose dock plates.

For proper safety, it is essential the dock board equation is calculated as a dynamic load moving across the leveling surface. During selection, it is important to identify if the dock board is rated as static or dynamic capacity. When selecting a dock board as a dock leveler verify the maximum lateral moving dynamic load and then double it for a dock board that is rated static. For example, if 20,000 lbs. is moving across the dock board, including fork lift, then a 40,000 lb. static dock leveler should be selected. However a dock leveler that is rated dynamic should handle the true maximum lateral moving dynamic load. For example, if 20,000 lbs. is moving across the dock leveler, including fork lift, then a 20,000 lb. dynamic dock leveler should be selected. Use this formula only as a guide and must verify this equation with each individual factory and model number selection in addition to each specific application.

Other calculations to consider for safety when selecting the proper capacity is the angle of the dock board transition between the concrete building floor and the truck or rail car bed. The best practice engineering takes into account when planning a building is the dock height. The more level the dock board transition from the building floor to the truck or rail car bed, will limit the fork lift impact on the dock board substructure, preventing less opportunity of deformation of deck and substructure over time.

Cable Cover Ramps Guard

 

Foot Cable Cord Ramp

Cable Cord Cover

According to OSHA, slips, trips and falls make up the majority of general industry accidents, as well as 15 percent of all accidental deaths. Part of the organization’s 1910.22(b)(1) standard states that “aisles and passageways shall be kept clear and in good repairs, with no obstruction across or in aisles that could create a hazard.” In areas where a lot of material handling equipment is being used, cables, cords and hoses can hinder footpaths for workers, potentially tripping them and causing an injury. Luckily, there are many solutions available to employers in order to help mitigate risk and meet their workplace safety requirements.

One such product to help combat job site clutter, cable cover ramps guard and keep electrical wires, cables and hoses out of the way in high vehicle or foot traffic areas. Typically made from thick, heavy duty rubber or steel, these pieces of equipment are made to withstand the weight of heavy machinery, vehicles and a large number of workers repeatedly walking on and over the unit. Grooved channels or openings in the base allow for cables of varying diameters to be secured underneath an easily traversable ramp while still remaining in use. Designed with gradual slopes and slip-resistant ramp surfaces, forklifts, carts, heavy trucks and small wheeled vehicles can negotiate the ramps with ease.

Heavy Duty Cable Cord Cover

Heavy Duty Cable Cover Ramp

In addition to decreasing the chances of trips and falls, cable cover ramps also provide another benefit: helping to prevent potential replacement costs for damaged wires, hoses and cables. When exposed to the raw weight of heavy machinery and industrial vehicles, wires and hoses can quickly fray or develop leaks. Some extreme crossover ramps are rated for applications in mining and construction where vehicle weights can tip the scales towards 400 tons. The Beacon brand BX series is extensively tested and proven to be chemical, oil, abrasion, temperature, cut and tear resistant. The use of ramps in many of these outdoor job sites eliminate the need to trench cables and make it easier to reroute if needed.

As an organizational tool, cable cover ramps can transform a mess of cords and wires into a neat, low profile display. This makes them perfect for use in commercial areas such as at sporting events, music venues and theaters where cable cord covers can promote patron safety and a professional company image. Ramps can be connected together to make long runs, or fitted with other interlocking units to form turns and four-way cross sections. Consult with a Beacon representative today to locate the appropriate units for your application.

Scissor Lifts Equipment

 

Double Scissor Lift

Scissor Lift Table

Used in assembly lines, production houses and a wide variety of other industrial and commercial applications, hydraulic scissor lifts are the workhorses of many operations involved modern materials handling. Continue reading